Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums. The swelling and redness that accompany gingivitis (the early stage of periodontal disease) is reversible through regular brushing, flossing, and good oral hygiene. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, the stage of gum disease where tooth loss is imminent.
Putnam Dental Associates is dedicated to providing our patients with the education they need to maintain a healthy mouth, preventative care and the promotion of good oral health and hygiene.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, develops when there is an overgrowth of bacteria around the roots of your teeth and gum line. The most common contributors to developing gingivitis, the early stages of periodontal disease, are poor oral hygiene and failure to see the dentist every six months for a checkup and cleaning.
When plaque and tartar are not removed in a timely manner, bacteria can continue to grow, inflaming the gum line, causing gums to pull away from the teeth. These pockets, or spaces around the gum line, can develop infection and lead to bone and tissue deterioration, a stage of gum disease known as periodontitis. Other risk factors that can contribute to periodontal disease include teeth grinding and jaw clenching, poor diet, smoking, age, and genetics.
Periodontal disease is caused by the bacteria in plaque. The bacteria cause the irritation that leads to inflamed, red, and tender gums. An increased risk of gum disease is associated with poor oral hygiene, the hormonal changes that coincide with pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes, crooked teeth, and ill-fitting dental appliances.
There are various side effects that commonly present with periodontal disease, such as:
The first step toward healthy teeth and gums is scheduling regular visits with one of our dedicated hygienists every six months. Minor cases of gingivitis can often be addressed with a regular dental cleaning. If more severe periodontal disease is detected, a more thorough treatment approach may be necessary. At Putnam Dental Associates, we are able to treat gum disease with a wide range of treatments, depending on the severity of your symptoms.
For mild to moderate cases, Dr. Zusin may begin with a deep cleaning that will include scaling and root planning and medication.
For more severe cases, when gum recession and jawbone deterioration have already developed, surgery may be required. These precise procedures can protect the health of your gums and lower your risk for other serious health issues.